Robert Tobias recently retired as a Clinical Professor of Teaching and Learning and as Director of the Center for Research on Teaching and Learning at the NYU Steinhardt School for Culture, Education, and Human Development. He served the New York City public schools for 33 years as a teacher, researcher, and assessment specialist, retiring in 2001 as Executive Director of Assessment and Accountability. At the Center for Research on Teaching and Learning, Tobias facilitated research and evaluation for the Department of Teaching and Learning. He holds a B.A. in Psychology from Queens College, and an M.A. in Psychology from Temple University. His research interests include Assessment, Accountability in Education, and Teacher Education.