Computational Mathematics and Scientific Computing Seminar

Continuum Models for Twisted 2D Moiré Materials

Time and Location:

May 03, 2024 at 10AM; Warren Weaver Hall, Room 1302


Mitchell Luskin, University of Minnesota


2D Moiré Materials have emerged as the leading experimental platform for probing correlated physics such as superconductivity.  The Bistritzer-MacDonald (BM) model attempts to capture the electronic properties of twisted bilayer graphene (TBG) by an effective periodic continuum model over the bilayer moiré pattern. We use the mathematical techniques developed to study waves in inhomogeneous media to identify a regime where the BM model emerges as the effective dynamics for electrons modeled as wave-packets spectrally concentrated at the monolayer Dirac points, up to error that we rigorously estimate and computationally benchmark. Using measured values of relevant physical constants, we argue that this regime is realized in TBG at the first “magic" angle where the group velocity of the wave packet is zero and strongly correlated electronic phases (superconductivity, Mott insulators, etc.) are observed.

We are working to develop models of TBG which account for the effects of mechanical relaxation and to couple our relaxed BM model with interacting TBG models.  We are also extending our approach to essentially arbitrary moiré materials such as twisted multilayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) or even twisted heterostructures consisting of layers of distinct 2D materials.