Computer Science
Courant Institute

Introduction to Cryptography

CSCI-GA 3210-001

Fall 2014


Homework assignments

Work is graded based on correctness, clarity, and conciseness. All solutions must be typeset in Latex, following the templates provided, and submitted both in print and electronically (send both TeX and PDF). Only submit work that you believe is correct; if you cannot solve a problem completely, you will get significantly more credit if you clearly identify the gaps in your solution. We recommend starting any longer solution with an informal yet accurate proof summary that describes the core idea. You are expected to read all the hints before the following class. Collaboration and consultation with external material is allowed, but must be declared for each question. The final exam will be based on homework questions.

For hints and further reading, use the Hint-o-matic.

Some Information


Mondays 11:00am-12:50pm WWH 312

Oded Regev
Office hours

Mondays 9:45am-10:45am, WWH 303

Introduction to Cryptography, by Jonathan Katz and Yehuda Lindell. A good introductory book.
Foundations of Cryptography, Vol. 1 and 2 by Oded Goldreich. A comprehensive book for those who want to understand the material in greater depth.
Lecture notes by Yevgeniy Dodis, which we'll follow closely
Lecture notes by Chris Peikert
Lecture notes by Rafael Pass and Abhi Shelat.
Last year's course
Active participation in class, homework assignments, final exam
Students are expected to be comfortable reading and writing mathematical proofs, be at ease with algorithmic concepts, and have elementary knowledge of discrete math, number theory, and basic probability. No programming will be required for the course.


Date Class Topic
Sep 8 Introduction, Perfect Secrecy. Number theory. Lectures 1+2 of Peikert, Lecture 1 of Dodis, Section 1.3 of Pass-Shelat.
Sep 15 (Proof of Shannon's Theorem) Finishing number theory. One-way functions (and collections thereof). Weak one-way functions. Examples of one-way functions. A bit on going from weak to strong OWFs.
Sep 22 Weak OWFs to strong OWFs. Collections of one-way functions. Informal discussion of indistinguishability and pseudorandom generators.
Sep 29 More examples of OWFs. Application of OWFs to password storage. Indistinguishability. Pseudorandom generators.
Oct 6 Expanding PRGs. Blum-Micali PRG. Hard-core bits.
Oct 20 Goldreich-Levin; Pseudorandom functions: motivation and definition
Oct 27 Constructing Pseudorandom functions; pseudorandom permutations
Nov 3 Finishing pseudorandom permutations and Luby-Rackoff; symmetric key encryption, definitions of security and constructions
Nov 10 Finishing symmetric key encryption; public key encryption
Nov 17 Trapdoor one-way permutations; Diffie-Hellman protocol and ElGamal cryptosystem. Authentication (model only)
Nov 24 Semantic security of PKE. Authentication security definition and info theoretic construction.
Dec 1 Computational construction of MAC using PRF. Expanding input of MACs using CRHF or almost universal hash functions.
Dec 8 Authenticated encryption. Digital Signatures. Zero Knowledge
Dec 10 Lattice-based cryptography
Dec 15 Final exam